Note: Make it a point to use these in every day communications.
- Íitl’aakdáa. a Clan chief, "big boss who can’t give orders."
- T’áangat. The steersman of a canoe, or tluu.
- Tawii. Skáan’s son or male cross-cousin.
- Táwlaang. All my father’s sister(s) children.
- Xáldangaa. to be a slave
- K’áwhlaa, Gúnaa. Sit down, Dear boy.
- Náanaa. Grandmother.
- Gwáay.k’aan. People and Territory of Haida Nation
Gwáay.k’aang. Eagle and Raven’s k’wáalaagang combined, clan
Ḵ’wáalaagang. Moiety, either Eagle or Raven.
- K’iis Gwaay. Lava rocks fused together, old ones
- Náat Yáak’uu. Uncle’s true nephew.
- Áwaa or
Father (of a female), her father
- Hal Hadáa
Father (of a male)
Uncle (Mother’s Brother), his/her uncle
- Hal Kaa
Aunt (Father’s Sister), his/her Aunt
- Hal Skaa
Sḵaan (Aunt), Sḵaanaay (a specific or the aunt). Your father’s sister. Pronounce "Ḵ" like you have a hairball you are trying to dislodge (like the "c" in Sss-Cough). "My Aunt" is Dii sḵaan, and she is the sister of my father and the sisters of all his clan brothers. My mother’s sister is not only her biological sister but all the women in her clan who are of the same generation. The generation older than my mother is my grandmother. The children of my mother and all her sisters are my brothers and sisters and, the brothers of my mother and her sisters are Dii Ḵaa (My Uncle). My mother would refer to her sister as Dii Jaas and, if she is younger she is "dii dúunaay" (Dee Do neye). The same same term is used for "younger brother". Older Sister or older brother is "Dii K’waay". When addressing a group we begin with "Dii jaaslang (all my sisters) isgyaan (and) Dii K’waaylang (my brothers). Sometimes, "Dii Jaalang" (all my wives).
Brother - There are a number of terms used to denote one's brother, depending upon whether the brother is younger or older and, whether the speaker is a brother or a sister.
Brother (of a female), her brother
- Hal Dáa
- Dáa or
older Brother, his/her brother
- Hal K’wáay
younger Brother / Sister, his/her brother/sister
- Hal Du’un or
Sister, his/her sister
- Hal Jáas
*Note: The children of your father’s sisters are described as "... so closely related we can joke with each other real hard and we can’t get mad." Could include in-laws.
Cousin (father’s family), his/her Cousin
- Dii Tawíi
- Táwlaang (pl)
Daughter, his/her Daughter
- Hal Guujáangaa
Son, his/her Son
- Hal Git Íihlaangaa
Note: This one gets a little complicated so we will restrict it to "my parents’ parents."
Grandfather and his brothers, his/her Grandfather
- Hal Chan
- Chánii or
- Chánaa or